Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 316

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 316



                                               

The Family of Man

The Family of Man was an ambitious photography exhibition curated by Edward Steichen, the director of the New York City Museum of Modern Arts Department of Photography. According to Steichen, the exhibition represented the "culmination of his car ...

                                               

Feminine psychology

Feminine psychology is an approach that focuses on social, economic, and political issues confronting women all throughout their lives. It can be considered a reaction to male-dominated theories such as Sigmund Freuds view of female sexuality. Th ...

                                               

Flaneur

Flaneur, from the French noun flaneur, means "stroller", "lounger", "saunterer", or "loafer". Flanerie is the act of strolling, with all of its accompanying associations. A near-synonym is boulevardier. He is an ambivalent figure of urban riches ...

                                               

Food fight

A food fight is a form of chaotic collective behavior, in which food is thrown at others in the manner of projectiles. These projectiles are not made nor meant to harm others, but to simply ignite a fight filled with spontaneous food throwing. Fo ...

                                               

Functional Ensemble of Temperament

Functional Ensemble of Temperament is a neurochemical model suggesting specific functional roles of main neurotransmitter systems in the regulation of behaviour.

                                               

Gender differences in social network service use

Men and women use social network services differently and with different frequencies. In general, several researchers have found that women tend to use SNSs more than men and for different and more social purposes.

                                               

Gender psychology

Gender is generally conceived as a set of characteristics or traits that are associated with a certain biological sex. In non-western countries, gender is not always conceived as binary, or strictly linked to biological sex. As a result, in some ...

                                               

Gender role

A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their biological or perceived sex. Gender roles are ...

                                               

Gold digger

A gold digger is a person, typically a woman, who engages in a type of transactional relationship for money rather than love. When it turns into marriage, it is a type of marriage of convenience.

                                               

Good Behavior Game

The Good Behavior Game is a scientifically proven strategy used to increase self-regulation, group regulation and stimulate prosocial behavior among students while reducing problematic behavior. The Good Behavior Game has more than 60 published s ...

                                               

Group polarization

In social psychology, group polarization refers to the tendency for a group to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclination of its members. These more extreme decisions are towards greater risk if individuals initial tendenci ...

                                               

Guiltive

The guiltive is a term introduced by John Haiman for the speaker attitude whereby the speaker overtly presents him- or herself as generous or indifferent but actually means the opposite of what he or she is saying, with the intention of making th ...

                                               

Habit

A habit is a routine of behavior that is repeated regularly and tends to occur subconsciously. The American Journal of Psychology 1903 defines a "habit, from the standpoint of psychology, a more or less fixed way of thinking, willing, or feeling ...

                                               

Hamiltonian spite

Within the field of social evolution, Hamiltonian spite is a term for behaviours occurring among conspecifics that have a cost for the actor and a negative impact upon the recipient.

                                               

Hawthorne effect

The Hawthorne effect is a type of reactivity in which individuals modify an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed. This can undermine the integrity of research, particularly the relationships between variables. ...

                                               

Health action process approach

The health action process approach is a psychological theory of health behavior change, developed by Ralf Schwarzer, Professor of Psychology at the Free University of Berlin, Germany. Health behavior change refers to a replacement of health-compr ...

                                               

Herd mentality

Herd mentality, mob mentality and pack mentality, also lesser known as gang mentality, describes how people can be influenced by their peers to adopt certain behaviors on a largely emotional, rather than rational, basis. When individuals are affe ...

                                               

Human information interaction

Human-information interaction or HII is the formal term for information behavior research in archival science; the term was invented by Nahum Gershon in 1995. HII is not transferable from analog to digital research because nonprofessional researc ...

                                               

Human nature

Human nature is a bundle of characteristics, including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting, which humans are said to have naturally. The term is often regarded as capturing what it is to be human, or the essence of humanity. The term is controv ...

                                               

Human Universals

Human Universals is a book by Donald Brown, an American professor of anthropology who worked at the University of California, Santa Barbara. It was published by McGraw Hill in 1991. Brown says human universals, "comprise those features of culture ...

                                               

Human vestigiality

In the context of human evolution, human vestigiality involves those traits occurring in humans that have lost all or most of their original function through evolution. Although structures called vestigial often appear functionless, a vestigial s ...

                                               

Hypoactivity

Hypoactivity is an inhibition of behavioral or locomotor activity. Hypoactivity is a characteristic effect of sedative agents and many centrally acting anesthetics. Other drugs such as antipsychotics and mCPP also produce this effect, often as a ...

                                               

Impulse (psychology)

An impulse is a wish or urge, particularly a sudden one. It can be considered as a normal and fundamental part of human thought processes, but also one that can become problematic, as in a condition like obsessive-compulsive disorder, borderline ...

                                               

Impulsivity

In psychology, impulsivity is a tendency to act on a whim, displaying behavior characterized by little or no forethought, reflection, or consideration of the consequences. Impulsive actions are typically "poorly conceived, prematurely expressed, ...

                                               

Inclusive fitness in humans

Inclusive fitness in humans is the application of inclusive fitness theory to human social behaviour, relationships and cooperation. Inclusive fitness theory and the related kin selection theory are general theories in evolutionary biology that p ...

                                               

Infomania

Infomania is the debilitating state of information overload, caused by the combination of a backlog of information to process, and continuous interruptions from technologies like phones, instant messaging, and e-mail. It is also defined as an obs ...

                                               

Institute for the Study of Human Knowledge

The Institute for the Study of Human Knowledge is a non-profit educational charity and publisher established in 1969 by the noted and award-winning psychologist and writer Robert E. Ornstein and based in Los Altos, California, in the United State ...

                                               

Interactionism (nature versus nurture)

In the context of the nature-nurture debate, interactionism is the view that all human behavioral traits develop from the interaction of both "nature" and "nurture", that is, from both genetic and environmental factors. This view further holds th ...

                                               

Internet troll

In Internet slang, a troll is a person who starts quarrels or upsets people on the Internet to distract and sow discord by posting inflammatory and digressive, extraneous, or off-topic messages in an online community with the intent of provoking ...

                                               

Intrusiveness

Intrusiveness can refer to a behavior, act, state or disposition towards being intrusive, interrupting and disturbing to others. Intrusiveness is typically unwelcome and recipients of intrusive behavior may feel like the intruder is coming withou ...

                                               

Irrationality

Irrationality is cognition, thinking, talking, or acting without inclusion of rationality. It is more specifically described as an action or opinion given through inadequate use of reason, or through emotional distress or cognitive deficiency. Th ...

                                               

Jeitinho

Jeitinho is finding a way to accomplish something by circumventing or bending the rules or social conventions. Most times it is harmless, made for basic ordinary opportunistic advantages, as gatecrashing a party just to get free food and beverage ...

                                               

John Henryism

John Henryism is a strategy for coping with prolonged exposure to stresses such as social discrimination by expending high levels of effort which results in accumulating physiological costs.

                                               

Kindness

Kindness is a behavior marked by ethical characteristics, a pleasant disposition, and concern and consideration for others. It is considered a virtue, and is recognized as a value in many cultures and religions. In Book II of "Rhetoric", Aristotl ...

                                               

Lawn dart effect

In psychology, the lawn dart effect occurs when fighter aircraft pilots accelerate horizontally at more than 1 standard gravity. The effect occurs when such extreme stimulation to the vestibular system leads to the perception that the aircraft is ...

                                               

Laziness

Laziness is disinclination to activity or exertion despite having the ability to act or to exert oneself. It is often used as a pejorative; terms for a person seen to be lazy include "couch potato", "slacker", and "bludger". Despite Sigmund Freud ...

                                               

Leisure satisfaction

"Leisure refers to activities that a person voluntarily engages in when they are free from any work, social or familial responsibilities." Leisure satisfaction is the positive perceptions or feelings that an individual forms, elicits and gains as ...

                                               

Loner

A loner is a person who avoids or does not actively seek human interaction or relationships. There are many reasons for their solitude, intentional or otherwise. Intentional reasons include being introverted, spiritual, mystic, having religious c ...

                                               

The Lucifer Principle

The Lucifer Principle is a 1995 book by Howard Bloom, in which the author argues that social groups, not individuals, are the primary "unit of selection" on genes and human psychological development. He states that both competition between groups ...

                                               

Maternal sensitivity

Maternal sensitivity is a mothers ability to perceive and infer the meaning behind her infants behavioural signals, and to respond to them promptly and appropriately. Maternal sensitivity affects child development at all stages through life, from ...

                                               

Maturity (psychological)

In psychology, maturity is the ability to respond to the environment being aware of the correct time and location to behave and knowing when to act, according to the circumstances and the culture of the society one lives in. Adult development and ...

                                               

McGuire's Motivations

McGuire’s Psychological Motivations is a classification system that organizes theories of motives into 16 categories. The system helps marketers to isolate motives likely to be involved in various consumption situations.

                                               

Meaningful life

In positive psychology, a meaningful life is a construct having to do with the purpose, significance, fulfillment, and satisfaction of life. While specific theories vary, there are two common aspects: a global schema to understand ones life and t ...

                                               

Mind games

Mind games is used to define three forms of competitive human behaviors: the unconscious games played by people engaged in ulterior transactions of which they are not fully aware, and which transactional analysis considers to form a central eleme ...

                                               

Misanthropy

Misanthropy is the general hatred, dislike, distrust or contempt of the human species or human nature. A misanthrope or misanthropist is someone who holds such views or feelings. The words origin is from the Greek words μῖσος and ἄνθρωπος. The co ...

                                               

Mockery

Mockery or mocking is the act of insulting or making light of a person or other thing, sometimes merely by taunting, but often by making a caricature, purporting to engage in imitation in a way that highlights unflattering characteristics. Mocker ...

                                               

Models of communication

Models of communication are conceptual models used to explain the human communication process. The first major model for communication was developed in 1948 by Claude Elwood Shannon and published with an introduction by Warren Weaver for Bell Lab ...

                                               

Motivation

Motivation is the experience of desire or aversion…You want something, or want to avoid or escape something. As such, motivation has both an objective side – a goal or thing you aspire to – and an internal or subjective aspect: it is you that wan ...

                                               

Nagging

Nagging, in interpersonal communication, is repetitious behaviour in the form of pestering, hectoring, or otherwise continuously urging an individual to complete previously discussed requests or act on advice. Reporter Elizabeth Bernstein defined ...

                                               

Narcissism

Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of ones idealised self image and attributes. This includes self-flattery, perfectionism, and arrogance. The term originated from Greek mythology, where the young Narci ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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