Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 378

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 378



                                               

Conceptual history

Conceptual history is a branch of historical and cultural studies that deals with the historical semantics of terms. It sees the etymology and the change in meaning of terms as forming a crucial basis for contemporary cultural, conceptual and lin ...

                                               

Configurational analysis

In cultural and social studies, configurations are patterns of behaviour, movement and thinking, which research observes when analysing different cultures and/ or historical changes. The term" configurations” is mostly used by comparative anthrop ...

                                               

Consumer capitalism

Consumer capitalism is a theoretical economic and social political condition in which consumer demand is manipulated in a deliberate and coordinated way on a very large scale through mass-marketing techniques, to the advantage of sellers. This th ...

                                               

Coordinated management of meaning

In the social sciences, coordinated management of meaning provides understanding of how individuals create, coordinate and manage meanings in their process of communication. Generally, it refers to "how individuals establish rules for creating an ...

                                               

Coptology

The European interest in Coptology may have started as early as the 15th century AD. The term was used in 1976 when the First International Congress of Coptology was held in Cairo under the title "Colloquium on the Future of Coptic Studies" 11-17 ...

                                               

Critical code studies

Critical code studies is an emerging academic subfield, related to software studies, digital humanities, cultural studies, computer science, human-computer interface, and the do-it-yourself maker culture. Its primary focus is on the cultural sign ...

                                               

Critical university studies

Critical university studies is a new field examining the role of higher education in contemporary society and its relation to culture, politics, and labor. Arising primarily from Cultural Studies, it takes a critical stance toward changes to the ...

                                               

Cultural analytics

Cultural analytics is the exploration and analysis of massive cultural data sets of visual material – both digitized visual artifacts and contemporary visual and interactive media. Taking on the challenge of how to best explore large collections ...

                                               

Cultural capital

In the field of sociology, cultural capital comprises the social assets of a person that promote social mobility in a stratified society. Cultural capital functions as a social-relation within an economy of practices, and comprises all of the mat ...

                                               

Cultural communication

Cultural relativism is the view that cultures are merely different, not deficient, and each culture’s norms and practices should be assessed only from the perspective of the culture itself, not by standards embraced by another culture. It is the ...

                                               

Cultural contracts

Cultural contracts refer to the degree that cultural values are exchanged between groups. It extends identity negotiation theory and uncertainty reduction theory by focusing defining the negotiation experience from the perspective of minority gro ...

                                               

Cultural cringe

Cultural cringe, in cultural studies and social anthropology, is an internalized inferiority complex that causes people in a country to dismiss their own culture as inferior to the cultures of other countries. It is closely related to the concept ...

                                               

Cultural dissonance

Cultural dissonance is an uncomfortable sense of discord, disharmony, confusion, or conflict experienced by people in the midst of change in their cultural environment. The changes are often unexpected, unexplained or not understandable due to va ...

                                               

Cultural footprint

Cultural footprint” was defined in June 2013, at the initiative of a group of experts from UNESCO, the OECD, the International Organisation of the Francophonie, French ministries, various companies and civil society. They explained it as" all of ...

                                               

Cultural materialism (cultural studies)

Cultural materialism in literary theory and cultural studies traces its origin to the work of the left-wing literary critic Raymond Williams. Cultural materialism makes analysis based in critical theory, in the tradition of the Frankfurt School.

                                               

Cultural policy research

Cultural Policy Research is a field of academic inquiry that grew out of Cultural Studies in the 1990s. A quarter of a century later, by now both" Cultural Policy Research” and "Cultural Policy Studies" each match almost 100 million entries in th ...

                                               

Cultural rights

The cultural rights movement has provoked attention to protect the rights of groups of people, or their culture, in similar fashion to the manner in which the human rights movement has brought attention to the needs of individuals throughout the ...

                                               

Cultural schema theory

Cultural schema theory holds that human beings employ classification to understand members of other cultures, and add new data to previously available categories. Cultural schemas for social interaction are cognitive structures that contain knowl ...

                                               

Cultural studies theory of composition

The cultural studies theory of composition is a field of composition studies that examines both writing as an artifact of culture and the contexts of writing situations. It also examines what happens to writing when cultures come into contact wit ...

                                               

Cultural system

A cultural system is the interaction of different elements in culture. While a cultural system is very different from a social system, sometimes both systems together are referred to as the sociocultural system.

                                               

Cultural turn

The cultural turn is a movement beginning in the early 1970s among scholars in the humanities and social sciences to make culture the focus of contemporary debates; it also describes a shift in emphasis toward meaning and away from a positivist e ...

                                               

Culture industry

The term culture industry was coined by the critical theorists Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer, and was presented as critical vocabulary in the chapter "The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception", of the book Dialectic of Enlightenm ...

                                               

Culture of fear

Culture of fear is the concept that people may incite fear in the general public to achieve political or workplace goals through emotional bias; it was developed as a sociological framework by Frank Furedi and has been more recently popularized b ...

                                               

Cultureme

A cultureme is any portion of cultural behavior apprehended in signs of symbolic value that can be broken down into smaller units or amalgamated into larger ones. A cultureme is a "cultural information-bearing unit", the contents of which are rec ...

                                               

Culturology

Culturology or science of culture is a branch of social sciences concerned with the scientific understanding, description, analysis, and prediction of cultures as a whole. While different cultural practices were studied by ethnology and anthropol ...

                                               

Cybernetic Culture Research Unit

The Cybernetic Culture Research Unit existed at Warwick University from 1995 to 1997. It was set up when Sadie Plant took up a role at Warwick, moving from the Cultural Studies department at Birmingham University and bringing several of her postg ...

                                               

Dahomey Amazons

The Dahomey Amazons or Mino, which means "our mothers," were a Fon all-female military regiment of the Kingdom of Dahomey in the present-day Republic of Benin which lasted until the end of the 19th century. They were so named by Western observers ...

                                               

Dominant culture

A dominant culture is a cultural practice that is dominant within a particular political, social or economic entity, in which multiple cultures are present. It may refer to a language, religion/ritual, social value and/or social custom. These fea ...

                                               

Dominator culture

Dominator culture refers to a model of society where fear and force maintain rigid understandings of power and superiority within a hierarchical structure. Futurist and writer Riane Eisler first popularized this term in her book The Chalice and t ...

                                               

El Mercado de Los Angeles

El Mercado de Los Angeles, sometimes referred to as El Mercadito, is a market located in Boyle Heights on the corner of 1st Street and Lorena Street. El Mercado is a three-floor indoor shopping center that offers dining and restaurant services, e ...

                                               

Emotions and culture

According to some theories, emotions are universal phenomena, albeit affected by culture. Emotions are "internal phenomena that can, but do not always, make themselves observable through expression and behavior". While some emotions are universal ...

                                               

Enculturation

Enculturation is the process by which people learn the dynamics of their surrounding culture and acquire values and norms appropriate or necessary in that culture and worldviews. As part of this process, the influences that limit, direct, or shap ...

                                               

Mikhail Epstein

Mikhail Naumovich Epstein is a Russian-American literary scholar and essayist who is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Cultural Theory and Russian Literature at Emory University, Atlanta, US. He there moved from Moscow, USSR, in 1990. He has also ...

                                               

Ethnocinema

Ethnocinema, from Jean Rouch’s cine-ethnography and ethno-fictions, is an emerging practice of intercultural filmmaking being defined and extended by Melbourne, Australia-based writer and arts educator, Anne Harris, and others. Originally derived ...

                                               

Face negotiation theory

Face-Negotiation Theory is a theory conceived by Stella Ting-Toomey in 1985, to understand how people from different cultures manage rapport and disagreements. The theory posited "face", or self-image when communicating with others, as a universa ...

                                               

Fairground Park riot

The Fairground Pool, in St. Louis Missouri, was one of the largest pools in the American Midwest measuring 440 feet. The pool was able to hold from 10.000 to 12.000 swimmers at a time. During this time period much of the country was suffering fro ...

                                               

List of female action heroes and villains

The following is a list of female action heroes and villains who appear in action films, television shows, comic books, and video games and who are "thrust into a series of challenges requiring physical feats, extended fights, extensive stunts an ...

                                               

Frankfurt School

The Frankfurt School is a school of social theory and critical philosophy associated with the Institute for Social Research, at Goethe University Frankfurt. Founded in the Weimar Republic, during the European interwar period, the Frankfurt School ...

                                               

Gandhigiri

Gandhigiri is a neologism in India which is used to express the tenets of Gandhism in contemporary terms. The term became popular due to its usage in the 2006 Hindi film, Lage Raho Munna Bhai.

                                               

Girl power

Girl power is a slogan that encourages and celebrates womens empowerment, independence, confidence and strength. The slogans invention is credited to US punk band Bikini Kill, who published a zine called Girl Power in 1991.

                                               

Goseck (monastery)

Goseck, a monastery built on the foundations of a castle, as well as the vineyard of Dechantenberg is located in the municipality of Goseck of Saxony-Anhalt in Germany. It has been proposed by Germany for inscription in the List of World Heritage ...

                                               

GroSwilsdorf

The villages of GroSwilsdorf and the Rodel Plateau are situated in Saxony-Anhalt in the middle of Germany. It has been proposed by Germany for inscription in the List of World Heritage. The World Heritage nomination Naumburg Cathedral and the Hig ...

                                               

Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that is inherited from past generations. Not all legacies of past generations are "heritage", rather heritage is a product of selection by socie ...

                                               

Heritage studies

Heritage studies looks at the relationship between people and tangible and intangible heritage through the use of social science research methods. The publication of the book by David Lowenthal, The Past is a Foreign Country, in 1985 is credited ...

                                               

Rubey M. Hulen

                                               

Human interactions with insects

Human interactions with insects include both a wide variety of uses, whether practical such as for food, textiles, and dyestuffs, or symbolic, as in art, music, and literature, and negative interactions including serious damage to crops and exten ...

                                               

Cultural informatics

                                               

Integrative communication theory

Integrative communication theory is a theory of cross-cultural adaptation proposed by Young Yun Kim. The first widely published version of Kims theory is found in the last three chapters of a textbook authored by William Gudykunst with Young Yun ...

                                               

Interactive acculturation

The interactive acculturation model seeks to integrate within a common theoretical framework the following components of immigrants and host community relations in multicultural settings: acculturation orientations adopted by immigrant groups in ...

                                               

Intercultural relations

Intercultural Relations, sometimes called Intercultural Studies, is a relatively new formal field of social science studies. It is a practical, multi-field discipline designed to train its students to understand, communicate, and accomplish speci ...

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